Roma Travel Guide (First Part of Second Part)

Today we’re continuing our Roma trip! If you haven’t seen our first part, you can click here to see it! In this part, we’re going to explore the best parts of Rome as you can see. But some of the famous sightseeing (like Colosseo) we won’t say anything except the prices. Because we believe that everyone should be known the history of Colosseo! If you don’t know about anything of Colosseo please watch the Gladiator movie before reading this guide! If you’re ready, let’s begin!

First parts (English and Turkish) are here.

Okay. We’re drawing the map actually. At the end of this post, you’ll see the entire map. So don’t be surprised that we won’t start with the famous ones.

Santa Maria Maggiore

Santa Maria Maggiore, one of the famous Roman basilica, is one of the most successful examples of the combination of different architectural styles. According to legend, the original church was built in 356 AD, after the snowfall on Esquiline Hill, at the peak of this hill.
According to the legend, one night the Virgin Mary enters the dream of the pope and tells him to build a new church and mark the place where the new church will be constructed tomorrow with snow. Despite being a summer day, Esquiline Hill was snowing, and the pope then proceeds a church in this area. The Piazza dell’Esquilino Obelisk in front of the church was erected by Pope V. Sixtus to lead the pilgrimage. It has an excellent indoor design on it. If you’re a fan of architecture, please go and see this basilica. It’s free to visit. But you have to take off your hat before the entrance. Because they have some restrictions about the apparel in the basilica. And filled up with your bottles in front of the Fontana!

Inside of the Basilica
In front of the Basilica…

Piazza della Repubblica

Piazza della Repubblica is a semi-circular piazza in Rome, at the summit of the Viminal Hill, next to the Termini station. On it is to be found Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri. It is served by the Repubblica – Teatro dell’Opera Metro station. From the square starts one of the main streets of Rome, Via Nazionale.

Piazza della Repubblica

Obelisk of Dogali

This obelisk stands in the triangle green zone, which is the side of the former site of “Terme di Diocleziano” (Baths of Diocletian), South-East of “Piazza della Repubblica”. Terme di Diocleziano was the largest public baths in Ancient Rome, which was completed in AD 306 by Roman Emperor. The ruin is now used for the Museum (Museo Nazionale Romano) and the church (Santa Maria Degli Angeli).

Obelisk of Dogali

Teatro dell’Opera di Roma

It’s the main opera house in Roma. It’s very close to Republika and Santa Maria Degli Ageli. Also, inside of it, looks like Pisa Tower. If you have a free time to watch opera, please see it!

Santa Maria Degli Angeli

The Basilica of St. Mary of the Angels and the Martyrs is a titular basilica church in Rome, Italy built inside the ruined frigidarium of the Roman Baths of Diocletian in the Piazza Della Repubblica.

Santa Maria Degli Ageli

It was constructed in the 16th century following an original design by Michelangelo. Other architects and artists added to the church over the following centuries. During the Kingdom of Italy, the church was used for religious state functions. The church is small, but has a remarkable arch-shaped ceiling inside, which was designed by Michelangelo. Also, it’s famous for Bianchini’s meridian line. You should see that line. It’s unbelievable. I’m sure that you’ll understand of Italian intelligent. Basilica has no fee.

The Baths of Diocletian

San Carlo alle Quatro Fontane

The church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane (Saint Charles at the Four Fountains), also called San Carlino, is a Roman Catholic church in Rome, Italy. The church was designed by the architect Francesco Borromini and it was his first independent commission. It is an iconic masterpiece of Baroque architecture, built as part of a complex of monastic buildings on the Quirinal Hill for the Spanish Trinitarians, an order dedicated to the freeing of Christian slaves.

Crossing of Quattro Fontane

The Quattro Fontane (the Four Fountains) is an ensemble of four Late Renaissance fountains located at the intersection of Via delle Quattro Fontane and Via del Quirinale in Rome. They were commissioned by Pope Sixtus V and built at the direction of Muzio Mattei, and were installed between 1588 and 1593. The figure of one fountain is said to represent the River Tiber, in front of an oak-tree; a she-wolf, the symbol of Rome, was a later addition. A second fountain represents the River Aniene, a tributary of the Tiber, called Anio in ancient Rome, which provided most Roman aqueducts with water. Pope Sixtus proposed to build a canal to bring the water of the Aniene to Rome. The other two fountains feature female figures believed to represent the Goddess Diana; the symbol of Chastity; and the Goddess Juno, the symbol of Strength, but it is possible that they may also represent rivers. The fountains of the Aniene, Tiber, and Juno are the work of Domenico Fontana. The fountain of Diana was designed by the painter and architect Pietro da Cortona.

The later Baroque church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, by Francesco Borromini, is located near the fountains, and takes its name from them. Until 1964 the Via Quattro Fontane was home to the Pontifical Scots College.

Fontana Del Tritone

Fontana del Tritone (Triton Fountain) is a seventeenth-century fountain in Rome, by the Baroque sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Commissioned by his patron, Pope Urban VIII, the fountain is located in the Piazza Barberini, near the entrance to the Palazzo Barberini. This fountain should be distinguished from the nearby Fontana dei Tritoni (Fountain of the Tritons) by Carlo Francesco Bizzaccheri in Piazza Bocca della Verità which features two Tritons.

Fontana Del Tritone

Piazza del Popolo

Piazza del Popolo is a large urban square in Rome. The name in modern Italian literally means “People’s Square”, but historically it derives from the poplars (populus in Latin, pioppo in Italian) after which the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, in the northeast corner of the piazza, takes its name. An Egyptian obelisk of Ramesses IIfrom Heliopolis stands in the centre of the Piazza.

Piazza del Popolo

Villa Borghese Gardens
Villa Borghese is a landscape garden in the naturalistic English manner in Rome, containing a number of buildings, museums and attractions. It is the third largest public park in Rome (80 hectares) after the ones of the Villa Doria Pamphili and Villa Ada. The gardens were developed for the Villa Borghese Pinciana (“Borghese villa on the Pincian Hill”), built by the architect Flaminio Ponzio, developing sketches by Scipione Borghese, who used it as a villa suburbana, a party villa, at the edge of Rome, and to house his art collection. The gardens as they are now were remade in the early nineteenth century. It’s the best place to rest after this travel program. You can sit and enjoy the nature in the park.

After finishing the rest, we’ll be continuing our trip with Piazza di Spagna.

Trinità dei Monti
The church of the Santissima Trinità dei Monti, often called merely the Trinità dei Monti  is a Roman Catholic late Renaissance titular church in Rome. It is best known for its commanding position above the Spanish Steps which lead down to the Piazza di Spagna. The church and its surrounding area (including the Villa Medici) are the responsibility of the French State.

Trinità dei Monti

Piazza di Spagna

Piazza di Spagna, at the bottom of the Spanish Steps, is one of the most famous squares in Rome. It owes its name to the Palazzo di Spagna, seat of the Embassy of Spain among the Holy See. Nearby is the famed Column of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Spanish Steps
The monumental stairway of 135 steps was built with French diplomat Étienne Gueffier’s bequeathed funds of 20,000 scudi(old Italian coin), linking the Bourbon Spanish Embassy, and the Trinità dei Monti church that was under the patronage of the Bourbon kings of France, both located above — to the Holy See in Palazzo Monaldeschi located below. The stairway was designed by architects Francesco de Sanctis and Alessandro Specchi. Steps are one of the most seeing see sights in Rome. many pop culture items reference the steps. Unfortunately, it was restoring while we’ve been there.

Spanish Steps

Palazzo Montecitorio

The palace’s name derives from the slight hill on which it is built, which was claimed to be the Mons Citatorius, the hill created in the process of clearing the Campus Martius in Roman times.

The building was originally designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini for the young Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi.  However, with the death of Gregory XV by 1623, work stopped, and was not restarted until the papacy of Pope Innocent XII (Antonio Pignatelli), when it was completed by the architect Carlo Fontana, who modified Bernini’s plan with the addition of a bell gable above the main entrance. The building was designated for public and social functions only, due to Innocent XII’s firm antinepotism policies which were in contrast to his predecessors.

Fontana di Trevi

The Trevi Fountain is a fountain in the Trevi district in Rome, Italy, designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi and completed by Giuseppe Pannini.

Coins are purportedly meant to be thrown using the right hand over the left shoulder.  This was the theme of 1954’s Three Coins in the Fountain and the Academy Award-winning song by that name which introduced the picture.

Fontana di Trevi

An estimated 3,000 euros are thrown into the fountain each day. In 2016, an estimated €1.4 million (US$1.5 million) was thrown into the fountain.[ The money has been used to subsidize a supermarket for Rome’s needy; however, there are regular attempts to steal coins from the fountain, even though it is illegal to do so.

 

Temple of Hadrian

The Temple of Hadrian (Templum Divus Hadrianus, also Hadrianeum) was dedicated to the deified emperor Hadrian on the Campus Martius in Rome, Italy by his adoptive son and successor Antoninus Pius in 145 C.E. This temple was previously known as the Basilica of Neptune but has since been properly attributed as the Temple of Hadrian completed under Antoninus Pius.

Pantheon

The Pantheon, “[temple] of all the gods” is a former Roman temple, now a church, in Rome, on the site of an earlier temple commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC – 14 AD). The present building was completed by the emperor Hadrian and probably dedicated about 126 AD. He retained Agrippa’s original inscription, which has caused confusion over its date of construction as the original Pantheon burned down, so it is not certain when the present one was built.

Pantheon

Piazza Navona

Piazza Navona is a square in Rome. It is built on the site of the Stadium of Domitian, built in the 1st century AD, and follows the form of the open space of the stadium. The ancient Romans went there to watch the agones (“games”), and hence it was known as “Circus Agonalis” (“competition arena”). It is believed that over time the name changed to in avone to navone and eventually to navona. Fountain of the four Rivers with Egyptian obelisk, in the middle of Piazza Navona.

Quirinale

The Quirinal Palace  is a historic building in Rome, one of the three current official residences of the President of the Italian Republic, together with Villa Rosebery in Naples and Tenuta di Castelporziano in Rome. It is located on the Quirinal Hill, the highest of the seven hills of Rome. It has housed thirty Popes, four Kings of Italy and twelve presidents of the Italian Republic.

The Quirinal Palace was selected by Napoleon to be his residence par exellence as Emperor.  However his permanence never took place because of the French defeat in 1814 and the subsequent European Restoration. The palace extends for an area of 110,500 square metres and is the tenth-largest palace in the world in terms of area.  By way of comparison, the White House in the United States of America is one-twentieth of its size.

Okay coologgers! This was the end of the second part! We’ve traveled all those places in one day. It was exhausting but worth it! We’d to make this post like as an information guide. Rome is the one of the oldest city in the world! That’s the reason we did like this. See you in the next post! Ciao!

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